|Type of paper:||Research paper|
The amazon is classified as the biggest rainforest in the world and plays a vital role in reducing the rate of global warming in the world. It is also the biggest forest supplier of oxygen. Rodriguez shares with us that the Amazon forest produces 20% of the earth's oxygen (Brown, 10). This raises an alarming concerning that something needs to be done immediately. The forest has been burning since the beginning of the year, and yet the Brazilian President is slow to provide action. The President is spending more time placing blame on who or what started the fires. International groups are urging the President to act immediately and accept the $20 million-dollar offer in aide to help (Alencar, Ane, Daniel, and Mariadel, 4). In the Amazon forest, fires have been uncontrollable and a significant problem. Thousands of square kilometers experience accidental fires majorly in Brazil. The previously occurred fires in the amazon have been high due to these fires, which make a significant impact in the amazon. These fires are majorly experienced in the Amazon during the dry seasons, which lie between July and October. This paper aims to discuss in great depth the amazon rain forest fires by looking into the various issues concerning the fires
A study by Cochrane using a technique referred to as a linear mixture sub pixel model was applied to detect surface fires in two regions in the Amazon. The author first identifies and then classifies the affected forest regions that have experienced these fires. In his finding, he interprets how 50% of the forests have been affected by fire in both areas of the study, which is approximately 3920 square km, between 1993 and 1995, an increase of 129% in deforestations (Cochrane, 15). The articles also indicate additional surveys from landowner's interviews, which indicate that there may exist the same dynamic of fires throughout a potion in the amazon of approximately 580000 square kilometers (Cochrane, 16).
Turcq analyzes a survey of the past 7000 years using the lake sediment of Carajas in South America. Small fragments of Charcoal using microscopic observations from previous fires indicate through a paleo data that events concerning fires in the amazon forest were concomitant with episodes of the short and dry climate, which has reported varying frequencies in the past 7000 years (Turcq, 140). The paper, therefore, shows that despite the influence by a human in the fires in the present day in the amazon rainforest, buried old Charcoal in the soil fragments and lacustrine sediments approves that fires have been involved in a significant role in the Amazon rainforests
In the territory of Para, eastern Amazon in Brazil, Uhl, and Boone studied the prospective for continued fire occasions inside four predominant vegetation spread sorts, by estimating fuel accessibility, miniaturized scale atmosphere, and paces of fuel dampness misfortune. In the article, they additionally evaluated the possible mortality rate in tress resulting from extensive scale Amazon backwoods fire by estimating the properties related to the bark of trees in a 5ha remain of developing woods, trailed by estimations of warmth transition over bark in recreated flames (Uhl, and Boone, 440). Halfway logging brought about emotional increments in brought down woody debris. Even however, the autogenic aspects in the essential eastern woodland of Amazon make a smaller scale atmosphere that disposes of the likelihood of fire, they are right now a typical occasion in upset zones of Amazonia. The authors bring a clear picture that, as far as existing land use designs, adjusted smaller scale atmosphere antan, Indonesia.es, and fuel mass, there are likewise outstanding likenesses among the eastern Amazon and East Kalim (Uhl, and Boone, 448).
There is a lot of statistics on the number of forest being cleared every year; there has been very minimal appreciation on the effects fires that escape pastures and agricultural plots (Cochrane, and Mark, 949). Thousands of acres every year have been reported to have accidental fires in the amazon forest regarding the Elnino events. The government in Brazil has been under pressure to curb the uncontrollable fires by the media regarding the Roraima fires. This led to a state of emergency, and disaster assistance from the United Nations was requested. In this article, the author Cochrane and Schulze discussed in great depth the Roraima forest fires in the Brazilian Amazon. He says, "Even though that these fires seem not serious, they have severe effects with an intensity fire line being low, but with time, it becomes deadly by burning the base of trees for a long time," (Cochrane, and Mark, 949). Hence, most of these area trees have thin bark and are there prune to damage by fire. Nearly 40% of trees with 10 cm diameter or less get killed within the first burn but leaves biomass of less than 10% (Cochrane, and Mark, 950).
Causes of Amazon Rain Forest Fires
The wildfires in the amazon have mainly been blamed on logging and ranching of cattle by personnel who want to utilize by clear the land, for example, research companies and organizations. Report evidence has connected ranchers and farmers to clear the area for an extended period hence causing the crisis in the rainforests. According to the article on Brazilian amazon fires which states that "At least 125,000 hectares (310,000 acres) of the Brazilian Amazon the equivalent to 172,000 soccer fields were cleared through 2019 and then burned in August. The findings offer a base map overlapping 2019 deforestation and fire hotspots and include 16 high-resolution time-lapse videos unveiling newly cleared agricultural lands linked to fire occurrences," (Kelly, and Sarah, 2). This article connects farmers and ranchers in the clearing of land for use and setting them to flames to create space.
According to Schlanger and Wolfe, who states, "The fires that are currently burning did not start accidentally yet started for greed." The authors also write about how Cattle ranching and how it is a big business that is leading to deforestation. Schlanger and Wolfe quote a scientific writer saying the following, "These are not wildfires, she said, but rather fires set by people seeking to create cattle ranches, intentionally ignited during the dry season each year. "They cut the trees, leave the wood to dry, and later put fire to it so that the ashes can fertilize the soil," (Schlanger, and Wolfe, 12)
Amazonian deforestation rates are utilized to decide human consequences for the global carbon cycle and to quantify Brazil's advancement in checking woods impoverishment. But this generally used the proportion of tropical land-use recounts to just a piece of the story. In this article, the author shows the field reviews of wood plants and backwoods consuming crosswise over Brazilian Amazonia, which show that logging teams seriously harm 10,000 to 15,000 square kilometer of forest that is excluded in deforestation mapping programs (Nepstad, 505). Also, the authors locate that surface flames consume extra-large regions of standing backwoods, the annihilation of which is typically not reported. "Forest impoverishment because of such flames may increment significantly when extreme dry spells incite backwoods leaf-shedding and more prominent combustibility; our local water-balance model demonstrates that an expected 270,000 square kilometer of woods got helpless against fire in the 1998 dry season," (Nepstad, 505). "By and large, we locate that present evaluations of yearly deforestation for Brazilian Amazonia catch not exactly 50% of the woods zone that is devastated every year, and even less during long periods of the extreme dry season," (Nepstad, 505). This provides more evidence on both the logging and fire increment backwoods weakness to future consuming and discharge woodland carbon stocks to the climate, conceivably multiplying net carbon outflows from provincial land-use during severe El Nino scenes
Impact of Amazon Rain Forest Fires
Fires such those in the Amazon are connected to release of toxic gas which may include nitrogen oxides, an organic compound such as non-methane and carbon dioxide. The fires are also involved with harmful particulate matter and pollutants. They are often released to the atmosphere, and when done repeatedly, they increase the amounts of these toxic elements, which leads to the destruction of a lot of trees. Also, carbon dioxide increase in the atmosphere traps a lot of heat which then leads to the greenhouse effect which intern alters with the atmospheric circulation hence causing melting of ice sheets and also catastrophic climate changes. The forests rains are significant sources for refilling reservoirs in many cities, for irrigation purposes, reducing soil erosion and finally mitigating flood hence destroying the forest would harm them.
The first business impact will be on trade. Adverse reports to companies associated with the amazon fires could affect a lot of trade deals due to doubts for example as it is being experienced that the European Union are in talks with some Latin companies in brazil for trade deals. Secondly, the supply of pharmaceutical products would reduce due to amazon fires. 25% on the estimation of drugs sold throughout the US for pharmaceutical purposes are said to come from 40 amazon plants (Irfan, 30). Thirdly, the supply risk of Brazilian products would increase hence lead to a low supply of the products and materials. Brazil is said to be the second-highest producer of the beef product and soy; thus, alternative measures would be taken due to shortages to minimize the risk. Lastly, it is a significant tourist attraction cite increasing the economy of these South African countries by a substantial margin hence fires leading to the countries lagging economically.
Although the amazon fires are confounded between few countries the latest alarming fires have raised a concern to the whole world on ways to protect the value of these forests.it has been a discussion that has led to many parties being involved.
Aids from Other Countries and Pressure to the Government
Some states have devoted to threatening the Brazilian government by boycotting on how they are handling this case of fires. Countries such a Finland held a meeting with the European Union to ban Brazilian beef. Shoe companies also decided to cancel their deals from buying from Brazil, which includes timberland and vans. These threats and withdrawal by companies have led to pressure to the government because they would affect the economy hence taking more measures. Also, Pope Francis and Brazilian President Bolsonaro are not on the same page regarding the fires burning in the Amazon. The pope is taking a drastic stand on the Amazonian lights and the world's moral obligation to save them. Pope Francis is the first to make climate change a priority of his papacy (Gustin, 1). Many blame the current situation on the Brazilian President lax environmental rules for deforestation.
Various countries such as Norway and Germany have been involving in the contributions of the amazon funds which comprises of an eight eighty million deforestation project mainly affecting Brazil and a few bordering countries (Sanford, 54). Four hundred sixty-nine million has been said to have been disbursed with Germany threatening to take back 39 million due to improper handling of these resources (Sanford, 54).
Although the best measure to take in protecting the amazon from the Brazilian point would come from the Brazilian leaders, Political pressures induced by other countries could try help in starting a case in preserving the forest. In a summit conducted in France, the G-7 provided emergency funds to deal with the amazon fires which amounted to more than 20 million euros (Irfan, 30). Demonstrations have been hel...
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