|Type of paper:||Critical thinking|
Situational leadership theory refers to leadership that adopts different leadership styles depending on situations and the development level of his team members (Anthony, n.d). The following are some the styles used in leadership styles.
Directing/Telling- This style is also referred to as a micro-management style since leaders are quite engaged and closely supervise their workers. In directing, leaders make decisions and notify their employees of their choices. Generally, it is a top-down strategy, and all other staff members do precisely what the organizational administrators tell them (Martin, 2019)The style is most suitable where employees lack commitment and have low skills; for instance, this style could be used in the military where the top-ranking militias direct the lower rank militias on what to do.
Delegating - Hersey and Blanchard identified delegating as a leadership style characterized by a hands-off approach to management. In this style, Leaders are less concerned with decision making since they allow the junior subordinates to make decisions about their jobs. Although leaders might be involved, the extent level of their engagement is usually low, and therefore, employees execute their tasks with minimal supervision (Martin, 2019). The leadership style is suitable in situations where employees show a high level of expertise, skills, and commitment to accomplish tasks
Selling- This is a democratic model where managers discuss their ideas with the subordinates. It aims at selling the concepts to the subordinates and get them to buy into the tasks and processes. The employees are usually coached with less supervision. The technique is suitable for employees who are fresh and are still learning since it involves praising them in boosting their confidence and self-esteem (Anthony, n.d) Besides, it suits situations where recruits have the enthusiasm to run tasks, but their maturity is lower and cannot be relied upon.
Participating and Supporting - In this style, employees have more obligations in the organizational responsibilities and decision making. The decision making often lies with the employees, and the leaders are tasked with guiding and offering them feedback to boost their confidence (Anthony, n.d). Generally, this style is used in cases where the employees have the skills but lack the spirit and the needed motivation to accomplish tasks.
Difficulties Associated with Applying the Model
Situational leadership styles are best in managing situations. However, they fail to understand the demographic differences by failing to show how the technique can be used in groups that entail different demographics. Besides, the model is associated with confusion, especially when leaders choose to shift from one style to another without other workers' approval (Gaille, 2018). Finally, the model concentrates on the short-term strategies since it only analyzes the current objectives and the willingness of the subordinates to be involved in organizational tasks (Gaille, 2018)
Content and Process Theories of Motivation
Content theories, also known as need theories, stress on the need to determine what excites people. Essentially, they claim that our motivations result in our description of what our needs are. For instance, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs states that we have five levels of needs; physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization needs. The theory claims that we are motivated to satisfy every need in ascending order, and as we meet one level, we are motivated to the next.
On the other hand, process theories of motivation are concerned with the physiological and behavioral processes that motivate people to act in specific ways. Generally, they detail how a person's needs influence his behavior concerning what they want (Brent, 2018). For example, the equity theory states that fair treatment can motivate workers. The goal is to ensure all employees are treated in similar ways to eliminate distress that results in under-rewarding.
As such, I think managers should adapt to the process of theory motivation in the workplace. Mostly, process theories prioritize objectives settings and equity in workplaces, among others, to motivate employees. As such, as far as the organizational welfare is concerned, applying the theories of motivation would help achieve the desired results in the workplace.
Anthony, L. (n.d.). Define Situational Leadership. Retrieved from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/define-situational-leadership-2976.html
Brent, M. (2018). What are Process Theories of Motivation. Retrieved from https://careertrend.com/about-6682854-definition--team-morale-.html
Gaille, B. (2018, December 10). 13 Situational Leadership Advantages and Disadvantages. Retrieved from https://brandongaille.com/13-situational-leadership-advantages-and-disadvantages/
Martin. (2019, September). Situational Leadership Guide: Definition, Qualities, Pros & Cons, Examples. Retrieved from https://www.cleverism.com/situational-leadership-guide/
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