How to write economics research paper: tips for an “A” grade

How to write economics research paper: rules and tips

How to write economics research paper? You’ll wonder about it during your student years since different types of essays and research papers are a part of it. A well-written text is not only about a good grade. It’s an opportunity to prove yourself in the academic community, earning a certain reputation. Plus, you help other researchers who may use your paper as a basis.

The process of economics research paper writing is difficult, so we’re here to help. Let's discuss their structure, requirements, features, and valuable tips. Also, you’ll see a good economics research paper example. 

Economics research papers: basics and components

You first think about why you need to do this work. Of course, you want to avoid failure and get a high grade, but there must be more behind it. Consider the specific contributions your economics research paper will make to the field of economics and identify the crucial topics that need addressing. The length depends on the teacher’s requirements, but the average is two pages. Sometimes, you can expand your economics research paper if the topic requires it. 

Now to the key components: 

  • Introduction. Definition of the problem and purpose of the study.
  • Theoretical part. Review of previous economics research and concepts that help you understand your problem.
  • Economics research paper methodology. Description of methods for data collection and analysis.
  • Analysis and results. Data processing and interpretation to achieve the goal.
  • Conclusions. A summary of your results and their implications for economic theory and practice.

As we have already mentioned, our work answers or investigates a question. The table below shows four types you’ll definitely encounter.

Descriptive Describing the phenomenon, for example: "What factors influence unemployment in the region?
Explanatory Exploring cause and effect relationships, e.g., "Why do some countries experience higher economic growth than others?
Predictive Predicting future events or trends, for example: "What will be the consequences of a decrease in investment in the economy?
Solving specific problems or providing recommendations, such as "How to increase the efficiency of resource use in agriculture?

How to choose the right research topic in economics

Choosing a topic is half the battle. Focus on what interests you and what you feel comfortable with. Then, you’ll be immediately motivated, and the process will go faster. Secondly, choose economic topics that are relevant to the current environment. 

A little advice: Narrow the focus of your economics research. It shows your professionalism and makes the research much more manageable. For example, if you choose the impact of inflation on the economy, limit yourself to a specific region or sector. Another approach is to focus on one particular aspect - not analyzing the effects of inflation but its impact on consumer behavior.

Here are some popular economics research paper topics for your inspiration: 

  1. The impact of migration on the economic development of a particular country. 
  2. The effectiveness of monetary policy in the face of economic instability. 
  3. The impact of digitalization on the labor market. 
  4. Sustainable development strategies in agriculture. 
  5. The relationship between economic growth and the welfare of the population. 

To find more, check out the Journal of Economic Perspectives, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, or The Review of Economic Studies. They only have high-quality research and analysis, so you can't find a better example. 

Also, look at the works of famous economists and politicians, such as Milton Friedman, John Maynard Keynes, Amartya Sen, etc. Their articles, lectures, interviews, or books often contain interesting and convincing arguments; use them and refer to them in your economics research paper if necessary. 

Finally, consult online resources such as university websites. They contain analyses of current issues and trends in the global economy. It includes regular news sites as well. 

Research and analysis for economics paper

Next, we write an economic research paper outline. You need to get information from somewhere, not just the Internet and books. Qualitative economic research includes questionnaires, statistical analysis, observation, interviews, and in-depth analysis.

We recommend JSTOR, ScienceDirect, or Google Scholar; you can always read the most relevant articles there. For reliable statistics and reports, use the websites of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. We also offer financial news and analysis from Bloomberg, the Financial Times, and The Economist. 

Ethical considerations in economics are in line with the scientific community's standards, which are the principles of fairness, confidentiality, and voluntary participation. Researchers should be attentive to the possible effects on participants' personal data and privacy and the impact of the results on society.

Now, to the economics research paper literature review. Using it properly requires finding and analyzing information and critical thinking. Evaluate sources, check their reliability and relevance, and consider different approaches and points of view. And don't plagiarize by learning how to cite and create a bibliography. 

How to structure your economics research paper

Start by piqueing the reader's interest - use a relevant fact or quote. Then, state the main points that you will develop in your essay. For example: "The first thesis is that the development of technology stimulates economic growth. The second thesis is that changes in global politics are crucial for countries' economies. Finally, the third one states that sustainable development is possible only if environmental sustainability is maintained."

But none of this matters without theory. Start by summarizing the main approaches to the essay topic, explaining their history and key points. Then, move on to a critical economics research paper data analysis. Emphasize which ideas support your thesis and which contradict it. Plus, create a logical economics research paper structure for analyzing the data, results, and conclusions. Consider a few key points and present them in a sequential order.  

In the conclusion, summarize your main findings and support the thesis statement from the introduction. These are vital steps to remember when learning how to write economics paper correctly.

Writing style and format

You've probably read other economic works and noticed their clarity and precision. The economics research paper format does wonders. You can play with literature or languages, but not with a technical subject. Readers need to understand your ideas and perceive them correctly. 

Use formal language and citations. This will support your argument and the credibility of the economics research, avoid misunderstandings, and raise the scientific status of your work.

We return to the design standards for formatting tables, figures, and references in economic articles to make your data easily understandable and accessible. Remember to correspond graphic material to the text and clearly reference sources that support your economics research. Again, use an economics research paper example. 

Avoid these mistakes in your economics research papers

We can't list all the mistakes, but we can list the most common ones. Here they are:

  • Ignoring the topic. If you don't use the economics research paper guidelines, the analysis is superficial, and there are insufficient sources. Throughout the process, keep returning to the topic and literally checking whether the paragraph is in line with it. 
  • Lack of structure. A narrative essay without it is confusing and difficult to understand. It’s crucial to divide the text into an introduction, body, and conclusion. Don't mix up their order, and imagine yourself as a reader. What do you want to know, is it clear to you, is it easy to read? 
  • Lack of argumentation. What is an essay without supporting facts and data? It doesn’t inspire confidence among readers, especially when it’s a teacher. Scientific work cannot be done without such a base; water and meaninglessness are useless, and you won’t get an A for such a work. 
  • Complex terms without explanation. We're not talking about the basic ones; people in your department should know them. However, highly specialized ones require explanation, especially if you’re targeting a broad audience. 
  • Poor grammar and style. It significantly worsens the overall impression of the essay, as does sloppy stylistic design. Read the work carefully afterwards, but let it sit for a few hours to a day. Also, use checking services like Grammarly and LanguageTool. Machines will notice what the human eye will miss. Plus, ask someone to read the essay out loud for you. 

Avoid these common pitfalls to enhance your skills and learn how to write economics research paper that stands out. It's difficult at first, but with practice, you'll write well automatically. 

FAQs on writing economics research papers

How to structure an economics research paper effectively?

Start with a clear definition of the problem and divide it into logical parts: introduction, theoretical part, methodology, and results. The economics research paper conclusion comes next. Follow this for a clear and logical paper. We’ve analyzed this in more detail above, along with writing a research paper outline

What are the critical elements of a literature review in economics research?

The main thing is to analyze previous economics research on the chosen topic, identify gaps in knowledge, evaluate methods and approaches, and identify the main trends and points of view.

How to cite sources correctly in an economics research paper?

This includes the author, year of publication, and page number. Follow the economics research paper citation style (e.g., APA or MLA) to avoid plagiarism and ensure the clarity of your research. If necessary, ask your supervisor what rules to follow. It is better to do this than to rewrite/correct the entire text later. 

What is the significance of theoretical frameworks in economics research?

They define the underlying concepts, models, and theories used to analyze the problem. They also provide context and relevance to the economics research, help you understand the underlying principles, and identify the limitations of your work.


So, let's summarize what needs to be done in order. Follow these steps:

  1. Determine the topic and the wording of the objectives. Choose a current topic of interest and formulate clear economics research goals. "The impact of digitalization on the development of small enterprises" is a good economics research paper example. 
  2. Organize a literature review. Conduct a thorough analysis of previous research and theories related to the chosen topic. Different sources are different for different situations, but the above are the main ones for all cases. The main thing is that they are reliable and up-to-date. Plus, remember about copyright and leave links. 
  3. Formulate hypotheses or theses. Rely on clearly formulated hypotheses with an excellent scientific basis. If not enough, you should consider another topic for your economics research paper. You can develop someone else's idea, but the main thing is that you bring something new to it. 
  4. Collect and analyze data. You need it to support your thesis statement. Don't overload the text with this; find a good balance. Figures are appropriate to support a certain idea, especially when writing about economic issues. But a multitude of values tires and confuses readers. 
  5. Present the results and conclusions. Clearly state the results obtained and tell what follows from your research. At the end of the text, the reader should know more than they did at the beginning. 

At the same time, it is essential to communicate clearly and analyze carefully. Clearly formulated theses and consistent analysis allow readers to understand your economics research and conclusions. Use precise terms and express your thoughts.

All of this will earn an A grade. Such a strategy helps create high-quality economic work that will attract the audience's attention and contribute to economic science's development. Don't forget the importance of clear communication and deep analysis — this is your key to success!

Bottom line

It's time to tap into the scholarly heritage and complete that challenging task. Don't put it off until the deadline because quality takes time and attention. The better you prepare, the higher your chances of creating high-quality work and getting an “A” grade. Your idea may trigger further discussions and discoveries, which is the main point and purpose of the scientific community. We hope the tips above will make this task much more accessible; after all, you know how to write economics research paper now.