The anatomy of an essay refers to the basic components of an essay. They include the need for the presence of an introduction, body, and conclusion. The introduction must have the attention getter to capture the attention of the reader, such as an anecdote. There should also be a bridge between the attention getter and the thesis statement. An essay should also have a body exhausting the main topical concern (Eric. 24). Also, there should be a topic sentence, body and conclusion for every paragraph, with transition words connecting them. Finally, there should be a conclusion wrapping up the main contents of the topical subject matter.
Academic writing is an academic activity done in various genres and forms. It is done in a dispassionate and impersonal tone. It is also targeted at particular specific audiences. It is meant to reinforce arguments in various academic fields. Moreover, academic writing is based on an aptly investigated set of knowledge. The audiences of academic writing are usually in the academic world, and the outside reached though speech or pamphlets (Eric. 28).
For the hook factor versus background information, it concerns the general anatomy and functions of the introductory paragraph. The introductory paragraph is meant to grab the attention of the reader, acting as a hook (Eric. 15). It finalizes with the thesis statement touching the contents of the main body. It can also have the background information which makes the writer's position to be appreciated by the reader. Such information can be historical, scientific, personal, or even cultural. They shape the perspective of the reader concerning the main body of the essay.
For the problem of thesis construction, there are failures to writing a successful essay. They include the lack of the main idea in the thesis. It makes it unfathomable. Further, the constructed article might be too long or too short concerning the coverage of the content at hand. It can also lack clarity and linkage with the research topic and thesis statement (Eric. 20). Finally, the thesis can have its subtopics poorly organized as to lack the required flow.
Additionally, there are transition words used in essays. They connect paragraphs. They make it possible for the smooth flow of the essay at hand. The ones which link contrasting sentences are however and although. The ones showing sequence include moreover, besides, additionally, furthermore and o top of that. There are also transition words showing a cause-effect relationship such as; as a result, subsequently, for this reason, consequently, therefore, hence, and thus (Eric. 62).
In the case of plagiarism, it concerns directly copying one's academic work without acknowledgement through quotation. It is an academic mistake. It can thus result in legal action being taken against the person. It can be avoided by quoting the source of the academic content. Further, one can paraphrase the information from other sources to avoid duplication. Finally, one can summarize the data in other works to avoid a semblance of copying (Eric. 18).
Finally, there is the concept of brainstorming in essay writing. It concerns the creative technique seeking to answer specific problems by thinking the effort of members of a group who contribute ideas. New ideas are generated by a group and are then collected. The best ideas which can solve the problems at hand are settled. The people in such groups think quite freely. The noted ideas are not criticized in the long run. The ideas are evaluated after the brainstorming session.
Hayot, Eric. The Elements of Academic Style: Writing for the Humanities. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014. Print.
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