Throughout the proceedings of history, there have been sociological developments particularly in the end of the 19th century whereby a significant change occurred in the fundamental structure of the economy. In modern history, the process of transition from the handicraft economy into a modernized world can be defined as the industrial revolution. The industrial revolution originated in Britain in the 18th century to other parts of the universe. Amid the 18th century, the events of the British industrial revolution were evident as people were slowly shifting into the modernized working despite the various challenges that came along such as the lack of appropriate skills (Harley, 160-205). Thus, Britain became the first nation in which the bourgeoisie dominated pushing the industrial revolution. However, there are different perceptions concerning the Industrial Revolution revolving from a political, social, and cultural view. In various considerations, the events surrounding the causes and effects of the industrial revolution are imperative particularly understanding historical advancements. This report will provide an analysis of the Industrial Revolution from a social, cultural, and political perception. Also, it will describe why the industrial revolution happened as well as how Britain changed because of the Industrial Revolution.
During the onset of the industrial revolution, most of the individuals resided in rural communities where their existence revolved around farming as people used different traditional methods to make a living and lead lifestyles. Numerous factors contributed to Britain's role as the birthplace of the industrial revolution. For a fact, Britain had significant deposits of iron ore and coal which delivered essentials for the industrial revolution (Allen, 357-384). In as much as the presence of such materials provided an economic perception concerning the industrial revolution, it could be tied to the social perception concerning industrialization. Additionally, there was an increase in the demand for British goods as the merchants required more cost-effective production methods of production which in one way or another led to the rise of mechanization and the industrialization. Socially, the people were interested in the various products for example, since most of them were involved with the textile industry mainly, the industrial revolution transformed it. Before the occurrence of industrialization, textiles were made in individual homes; however, the people could now set up their schedules while requiring less human energy.
Correspondingly, in the political view of the industrial revolution, Britain was politically stable. In the political stability of Britain, it was also considered as a world-leading colonial power which meant that the colonies could deliver source materials for the industrialization as well as serve as ready markets for the manufactured goods. It is likely that one could consider such involvement of politics as one of the cornerstones of the industrial revolution; however, this is but one of the different perceptions defining the events of the industrial revolutions. Furthermore, since the Industrial revolution was divided into two waves, it set a significant pace in framing the involvements of the industrial revolution. Similarly, the Industrial Revolution could be linked to defines a cultural point of view by considering both the causes and effects of the industrialization. Before the revolution, the majority of the individuals lived in rural areas and worked on farms since people worked to earn a living and sustain their families. However, during the Britain Industrial Revolution, people moved to the cities as laborers in industries and factories. In various occurrence, the towns expanded and grew as they developed and became polluted. In other cases, there was a drastic shift in the life of the average population as they indulged in other practices. Culturally, people had different changes tied to the cause and effect of the industrial revolution.
However, there were different reasons for the occurrence of the Industrial Revolution. For instance, capitalism was a significant component in the event of industrialization. Capitalism caused the industrial revolution since the development required a considerable investment from people as it created a climate of exploration. Similarly, another major factor that assisted in the events of the industrial revolution was the events of the European Imperialism. Even though it does not deliver a direct impact or cause to the industrial revolution, imperialism, allowed the European industries to produce more goods and which assisted in the revolution (Ward, 44-65). The next central reason involved the availability of raw materials such as coal which were critical in the process of development. Unlike other European Nations, the coal available in Britain was relatively close to the surface which made it possible for more natural extraction. In general, the effects rendered by the agricultural revolution delivered a significant reason for the industrial revolution.
Nonetheless, Britain changed in numerous ways because of the industrial revolution. For instance, there was the rise of urbanization, factories, humanitarian challenges, and improvements in transportation. Additionally, there were changes in the social conditions brought about by the industrial revolution. It includes the development and increases in population since the populations moved up to urban-centered seeking for employment. However, in consideration of the downside of the Industrial Revolution, it impacted the environment negatively. Along with the increased population and living standards, it transpired to the depletion of natural resources.
In conclusion, during Industrial Revolution, Britain shifted from a large, agricultural economy into an urbanized industrial society as entrepreneurs and investors put together various businesses to ensure the creation of new and innovative advancements in the development of the community. The political, cultural, and social perceptions surrounding the Industrial Revolution deliver a significant involvement in the cause and effect of the event.
Allen, Robert C. "Why the industrial revolution was British: commerce, effected invention, and the scientific revolution 1." The Economic History Review 64.2 (2011): 357-384. Doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.2010. 00532.x
Harley, C. Knick. "Reassessing the industrial revolution: a macro view." The British Industrial Revolution. Routledge, 2018. 160-205.
Ward, J. R. "The Industrial Revolution and British Imperialism, 1750-1850." The Economic History Review, vol. 47, no. 1, 1994, pp. 44-65. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2598220.
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