|Type of paper:||Literature review|
|Categories:||Violence Criminal law Judicial system|
There exists a variety of sexual offenses, and their naming might choose the direction of who commits the offense, medium of commission or the victim of the offense. However, this does not mean that there are limited options to the direction of the naming of any sexual offense.
It is the frequent type of child sexual offense on the internet, books, and films. It spreads through the internet because every person or individual within the age bracket of 14-45 can easily access the internet even through his or her cell phones or laptops (Tewksbury, & Lees, 2007, p. 387). The fact that there is no monitoring of their devices makes it easy for them to pass the pornographic things on the internet to their friends and start corrupting them through the power of convincing them that pornography is the best way to go as it takes care of individuals.
Majority term the frequent internet use as a sign of exposure especially within the developing countries, while in reality, it corrupts and destroys their moral ethics in the cases where it is inappropriately used through things like passage of pornographic films and videos that stimulate some individuals to start thinking and actually committing immorality acts (Sample, & Bray, 2006, p. 87).
Several books and journals that explain the issue of sexual assault offenders exists in order to try bring forth an alternative that can help in curbing this vice as well as dealing with the actors. Sexual assault simply means the act of forcing an individual into sexual acts without their consent. This paper provides a literature review of the Punishment and Recidivism Rate of Child Sexual Assault Offenders in the United States in comparison to other countries. This because the issue sexual assault offense is constantly on the rise in the world sphere and the United States of America is not an exception either.
Even though several scholarly articles and works exist as far as the aspect of punishment and recidivism of sexual assault offenders exists, more research is a necessity in order to bring available information to terms with aspect child sexual abuse offenders, since they are the most vulnerable group to this offense as they suffer the most. This paper outline the United States of America as one of the individual nations since it has several states that comprise individuals from a diverse background. Different backgrounds also mean several cultures that others promote the vice of child sexual assault while others discourage it.
Due to United States vigor and culture of protection of the human rights. It chose to come up with certain laws and regulations that help tame the aspect of child sexual assault offense through punishing the offenders as well as the provision of policies that ensure the offenders do not mix freely with the population to keep them away from “poison.” Conviction and jail term service are some of the punishments that the sexual assault offenders face. Registering with the criminal justice department registry database, community notification, and residency restriction is a few of the policies that the United States of America has put in place to help deal with child sexual assault offenders.
Rapists, child molesters, and probationers are the primary type of sexual assault offenders that comes out in this review. Punishment rate of sexual assault offenders is very high within the United States of America but what surprises is that this does not curb the recidivism aspect as cases of recidivism of sexual offenders are also constantly on the rise.
Child pornography is the major child sexual offense in the United States of America. It occurs because of the availability of the internet as well as the current technology that include mobile phones and laptops. The current technology gadgets are beneficial if appropriately used. However, when inappropriately used, then they can easily interfere with lives of various people and enhance morality from every corner, thus improving the issues of child sexual offense as well as another thing.
Due to the rising cases of child sexual assault, parents need to be very keen in advising their children. However, the type of advice that they impart on the children should not term the sexual offenders as faceless because this instills fear in the kids as well as other people. It does not mean that it only kids who deserve serious pieces of advice, as their parents are also victims of the same, which results to mistreatment of the convicted sexual offenders.
Agan, A. Y. (2011). Sex offender registries: Fear without Function? Journal of Law and Economics, 54(1), 207-239.
Bonnar-Kidd, K. K. (2010). Sexual offender laws and prevention of sexual violence or recidivism. American Journal of Public Health, 100(3), 412-419.
Caldwell, M. F. (2007). Sexual offense adjudication and sexual recidivism among juvenile offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 19(2), 107-113.
Christopher, K., Lutz-Zois, C. J., & Reinhardt, A. R. (2007). Female sexual offenders: Personality pathology as a mediator of the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and sexual abuse perpetration against others. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31(8), 871-883.
Cohen, M., & Jeglic, E. L. (2007). Sex Offender Legislation in the United States What Do We Know? International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 51(4), 369-383.
Cossins, A. (2008). Restorative Justice and Child Sex Offences the Theory and the Practice. British Journal of Criminology, 48(3), 359-378.
Duwe, G., & Donnay, W. (2008). The impact of Megan's Law on sex offender recidivism: The Minnesota experience. Criminology, 46(2), 411-446.
Eke, A. W., Seto, M. C., & Williams, J. (2011). Examining the criminal history and future offending of child pornography offenders: An extended prospective follow-up study. Law and human behavior, 35(6), 466-478.
Finkelhor, D. (2009). The prevention of childhood sexual abuse. The future of children, 19(2), 169-194.
Gelb, K., & Council, S. A. (2007). Recidivism of sex offenders: Research paper. Melbourne.
Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. (2007). The accuracy of recidivism risk assessments for sexual offenders: A meta-analysis. Ottawa, ON: Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada.
Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. E. (2009). The accuracy of recidivism risk assessments for sexual offenders: a meta-analysis of 118 prediction studies. Psychological Assessment, 21(1), 1.
Hanson, R. K., Harris, A. J., Scott, T. L., & Helmus, L. (2007). Assessing the risk of sexual offenders on community supervision: The Dynamic Supervision Project (Vol. 5, No. 6). Ottawa, ON: Public Safety Canada.
Hanson, R. K., Helmus, L., & Thornton, D. (2010). Predicting recidivism amongst sexual offenders: A multi-site study of Static-2002. Law and human behavior, 34(3), 198-211.
Kernsmith, P. D., Comartin, E., Craun, S. W., & Kernsmith, R. M. (2009). The relationship between sex offender registry utilization and awareness. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 21(2), 181-193.
Letourneau, E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Sinha, D., & Armstrong, K. S. (2009). The influence of sex offender registration on juvenile sexual recidivism. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 20(2), 136-153.
Levenson, J. S. (2006). Sex offender residence restrictions. Sex Offender Law Report, 7(3), 33.
Levenson, J. S., & Hern, A. L. (2007). Sex offender residence restrictions: Unintended consequences and community reentry. Justice Research and Policy, 9(1), 59-73.
Levenson, J. S., Brannon, Y. N., Fortney, T., & Baker, J. (2007). Public perceptions about sex offenders and community protection policies. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 7(1), 137-161.
Levenson, J. S., D'Amora, D. A., & Hern, A. L. (2007). Megan's law and its impact on community reentry for sex offenders. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 25(4), 587-602.
McAlinden, A. M. (2006). Managing Risk From regulation to the reintegration of sexual offenders. Criminology and Criminal Justice, 6(2), 197-218.
Prescott, J. J., & Rockoff, J. E. (2008). Do sex offender registration and notification laws affect criminal behavior? (No. w13803). National Bureau of Economic Research.
Sample, L. L., & Bray, T. M. (2006). Are sex offenders different? An examination of rearrests patterns. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 17(1), 83-102.
Schiavone, S. K., & Jeglic, E. L. (2009). Public perception of sex offender social policies and the impact on sex offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 53(6), 679-695.
Smallbone, S., Marshall, W. L., & Wortley, R. (2013). Preventing child sexual abuse: Evidence, policy, and practice. Routledge.
Tewksbury, R., & Lees, M. (2006). Perceptions of sex offender registration: Collateral consequences and community experiences. Sociological Spectrum, 26(3), 309-334.
Tewksbury, R., & Lees, M. B. (2007). Perceptions of punishment how registered sex offenders view registries. Crime & Delinquency, 53(3), 380-407.
Zgoba, K. M., Levenson, J., & McKee, T. (2008). Examining the impact of sex offender residence restrictions on housing availability. Criminal Justice Policy Review.
Cite this page
Essay Sample Describing Types of Sexual Offenses. (2017, Sep 21). Retrieved from https://speedypaper.net/essays/types-of-sexual-offenses
If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the SpeedyPaper website, please click below to request its removal:
- Science in Popular Culture, Essay Sample for Everyone
- Christopher Columbus Essay Example
- Lives of the Caesars - Free Essay with Primary Source Analysis
- Essay Sample: Contingency Planning, Managing Health and Safety in the Workplace
- Paper Example on Engaging the Private Sector to Promote Homeland Security
- Threats Identified from the Case Study
- Essay Example: Use of TAT With Autism Populations