|Type of paper:||Essay|
|Categories:||Politics Communication Leadership style|
Winston Churchill is a known United Kingdom politician who was born on 30th November 1874. At the age of seven he went to St. George's school, he never liked going to school, and he registered poor grades and was regularly reported for misconduct in school. In 1884 he transferred to Brunswick School, here his results showed sign of improvement, though his character was still wanting and could be noted misbehaving. In April 1888, he sat for entry exam and passed narrowly; this saw him join Harrow School. While in Harrow school, he registered good grades and he wrote poetry and letters (Brownlow, 2004).
In 1893, Churchill joined cadets at Royal Military Academy. In February 1895, he became a second lieutenant of the British Army and was based at Aldershot. He joined various organizations which were fighting for human rights, while in India, he joined Malakand Field Force which was fighting Mohmand rebels of Swat Valley. In 1900 at the age of 25 years, he participated in the general election and emerged a winner. While in the house of commons Churchill voted against the government on many occasions.
Churchill voted for the minimum wage system when he was in parliament and participated actively in the passing of people budget. In early 1920s Churchill served as air secretary. During the Second World War, Churchill served as the Prime Minister. He is a known leader with sound leadership skills which saw the UK sail through the trial moments during the second world war.
Communication is a process of passing information from one person to another with the purpose of enlightening, informing or warning. In every government, organization, or business, it has been noted that communication is one of the key factors to ensure that the organization becomes successful as it was exhibited by Churchill in his leadership. There are various forms of communication which can be employed depending on the target audience.
The existing types of communication which were utilized by Churchill in his leadership include: upward communication or downward communication. Upward communication: this a type of communication in which junior citizens are passing information to the leaders. It is worth noting that this type of communication is mostly used reporting complaints from citizens to leaders. If well utilized, it will lead to a good rapport between leaders and juniors. Downward communication is a type of communication where information is transferred from leaders to juniors. This type of communication is usually used in delegating duties to juniors, conducting training, and responding to grievances.
Ethos, these are the valuable characteristics of a message sender (Ndalamba, 2018). It is worth to note that for a message to be delivered effectively, it is always prudent to ensure that the message sender has valuable characteristics which will enable message receivers to perceive the sender positively. In his campaigns in 1900 at the age of 25 years, Churchill managed to win elections since he showed to have positive ethos thus convincing voters to vote for him. Positive ethos can emanate from the inner part of the leader or can be expressed outwardly. Positive inner character as displayed by Churchill includes:
- Honest. As a leader is always wise to be genuine in what you tell your juniors. This will make your subjects develop trust in you. Honesty enabled Churchill to earn trust from his leaders when he was a cadet; this saw him being promoted from one rank to another.
- Ethical. The leader should always execute designated duties in a manner which does not offend others; thus, they will be working in harmony.
- Expert. In this case, a leader is expected to be knowledgeable in a certain field, this will make him or her to earn trust from the subjects. Churchill was able to be trusted by voters since he had shown that he is capable of being a good leader when he was in the army.
Possessing positive ethos by the manager will enable the firm to earn a positive reputation from the community around, and it will benefit the company in the building a pool of customer from the local environment due to the good reputation earned.
This is the ability of an individual to identify his or her emotional weakness and those of others and be able to manage (Akila, & Thangavel, 2011). When one joins military forces, they always receive training on how to contain their emotions. It is, therefore, worth to note that Churchill was able to control his emotions since he had been subjected to cadets training. This enabled him to deal with the arising situation during his leadership. Emotional intelligence has been categorized into five components; empathy, motivation, self-awareness, social skills, and self-regulation:
- Self-awareness. This is a situation in which the leader can identify his or her weaknesses and be able to manage them (Akila et al, 2011). For the leadership of a Churchill to be of the desired quality, he knew how to manage his anger when provoked and know what might provoke his emotions and avoid it. Churchill bolstered this by being slow to anger and examine what might have caused the situation at stake thus lowering the anger.
- Motivation. Self-driven leaders are committed to their work and propelled by the urge to meet the goals always give positive results to their area of leadership. All leaders should be motivated and device ways to motivate the subjects. This will result in the success of the country as everybody will be working towards achieving the set goals. For motivation to sire good results, it is prudent for a leader to be hopeful and identify the positive side of the country, find a reason of being in the leadership position and determine what you stand to achieve.
- Self-regulation. Leaders who can control their reaction, and make sound decisions without rushing (Akila et al, 2011). This will ensure that the company or a nation is run smoothly. For one to boost self-regulation ability, one should be able to; hold yourself accountable, in this case, when an issue arises in the place one is heading, you should not blame others but instead, take the responsibility and think collectively with other employees to find a remedy to the situation at hand. Practice being calm. When faced with a challenging situation, it is always prudent to ensure that you take time in finding the appropriate solution and think collectively with other leaders within your jurisdiction.
- Social skills. For the leadership of a leader to be effective, he or she should be able to open to receiving all kind of news within his area or leadership and know how to deal with the situation. Churchill enhanced social skills when he had been sent to India to resolve conflict; this enabled him to resolve conflicts between the fighting parties and realize peace.
Boost communication skills, the leader should be able to communicate properly with the juniors in his area of leadership; this will bolster the working environment; thus positive results will be realized in the nation. Learn to appreciate others. As a leader, Churchill ensured that he appreciates what other workmen have done, doing this will boost their morale hence positive results during his leadership tenure.
A leader with sound emotional intelligence will help to boost the image of the nation, as it will ensure that the communication within the various arm of government is effective. When the problem arises in the government, a leader will be able to solve various problems amicably.
This is the ability of the leader to fit in the culture of society leads. For a leader to realize its success, he or she should strive to have a good rapport with the society and other leaders, cultural literacy does not mean just understanding the culture of the people, it encompasses knowledge of where the society is heading to, what they need, and what pleases them (Crawshaw, 2018). A leader with sound leadership should be able to find out what society needs and set up such projects in society. While in India, Churchill realized the oppression which Indians were undergoing and joined hands with natives to fight for what was right for them.
With the proper utilization of cultural literacy, communication between the leaders, management, and society will be bolstered. This is because there will be an understanding of each other and will respect the culture of the society and other citizens.
Use of Language and Communication Techniques
It is believed that a good leader spends most of their time communicating within his area of leadership, this, therefore, depicts that for a leader to be successful, he or she must possess the best communication qualities (Makihara, 2013). Communication is a key driver in
any government, with the use of appropriate word choice there will be effective communication. For leaders communication to be effective, he or she must have mastered the following:
- Have positive ethos while addressing subjects
- Analyze and master the expectations of the audience.
- Select the most conducive and appropriate media of communication.
- Organize documents coherently when passing on the information.
- Be confident when delivering information.
- Have a clear vision of the message objective.
With the possession of this by the leader, information will be conveyed appropriately thus resulting in understanding. With the adoption of the appropriate communication mode within the country, the country will be able to meet the following:
- Have a conducive working environment. With the adoption of an appropriate mode of communication when giving out instruction to juniors, they will be able to be at peace with leadership hence good working environment.
- Bolster the economy of the country. When there is an appropriate way of communication within the government, it means that instructions on how to execute certain tasks will be understood by all departments thus working as required, hence good work delivery thus realizing economy development.
As a leader, it is always a prudent idea to know what can bar effective communication within your jurisdiction, with the knowledge of this, one will always strive to avoid such cases from occurring. Effective communication can be bared by; the wrong medium of communication, poor timing, wrong media, negative ethos, and failing to carry out audience analysis. With the avoidance of these factors, the leader will be in a positive position to convey information appropriately and display good leadership skills as displayed by Churchill.
This is the ability of the leader to contain a crisis when it occurs. In every organization, a crisis can erupt at an unexpected time; it is, therefore, a necessity for a manager to have qualities to handle the emergency crisis (Kuznetsov, 2014). In his leadership, Churchill was able to display the ability to manage the crisis as he led his country during the Second World War without experiencing any catastrophic effects. In every country, it is always prudent to anticipate a crisis at some point and come up with measures to counteract it when it occurs.
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